The Cuban delegation that participated in the 4th Special Political and Decolonization Committee (Fourth Committee) reiterated that his country supports the right of the people of Western Sahara to self-determination on the basis of the United Nations Charter, international law and relevant UN resolutions.
Cuba reaffirmed its support for the efforts of the UN Secretary General and his Personal Envoy to find a mutually acceptable solution to the parties that provides for self-determination of the people of Western Sahara in the context of resolution 1514 (XV) of the General Assembly.
For Cuba a peaceful solution through negotiable means to this long conflict will contribute to regional and international peace and security.
The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) is a partially recognized state that controls a thin strip of 102,703 sq mi area in the Western Sahara region and claims sovereignty over the entire territory of Western Sahara, a former Spanish colony. SADR was proclaimed on February 27, 1976, in Bir Lehlou, Western Sahara. The Saharawis are ethnically mixed descendants of Berbers, Arabs, and Black Africans. They speak an Arabic dialect called Hassaniya and have practiced Sunni Islam since the late 7th century. The SADR government controls about 20–25% of the territory it claims which inhabits 502,585 people. It calls the territories under its control the Liberated Territories or the Free Zone. Morocco controls and administers the rest of the disputed territory and calls these lands its Southern Provinces. The SADR government considers the Moroccan-held territory to be occupied territory, while Morocco considers the much smaller SADR-held territory to be a buffer zone. The claimed capital of the SADR is El Aaiún, while the temporary capital (due to the placing of its government) is Tifariti.