Ethiopia’s generation capacity got an immense boost as operations began at the 1.87-GW Gibe III hydroelectric power plant in the middle reach of the Omo River basin last month. The plant which is Ethiopia’s largest, is the third in the Gibe-Omo hydroelectric cascade, which includes the 184-MW Gilgel Gibe and 420-MW Gibe II, both upstream of Gibe III. Two additional plants downstream, Gibe IV and Gibe V, are planned by state-owned utility Ethiopian Electric Power Corp.
According to Salini Impregilo, an Italian firm contracted to build the $1.6 billion project, the plant comprises a 249-meter (m)-tall roller-compacted concrete (RCC) dam—one of the highest in the world—and an open-air power plant with 10 Francis turbines. It is expected to produce 6,500 GWh per year.
Construction began in July 2006. For Salini Impregilo, many of the challenges in building the dam came from logistical hurdles, specifically because the site—about 450 km southwest of Ethiopia’s capital, Addis Ababa—is so remote. Access to it required building an airport, a 120-m span bridge, 75 km of new national roads, and 40 km of project site roads. The firm then needed to provide workers with housing, sanitation, health, and recreation facilities.
With a rainy season that lasts three to four months, mountainous Ethiopia is etched with large river gorges that have an overall hydroelectric potential estimated at around 160 TWh/year. This country with a population of 94.1 million and a booming economy has ambitious plans under its Growth and Transformation Plan to become a regional renewable energy hub in power-strapped East Africa. The Gibe III project added much-needed capacity to the country’s total installed 2.3-GW base.
By 2037, Ethiopia aspires to have a total capacity of 37 GW (a 1,500% increase) and become a major power exporter. Acknowledging that the feat will require massive investments, the government is committed to increasing private sector participation to expand its grid and to reform tariffs to allow for full-cost recovery.
CPAfrica reported the launch of Gibe III Hydro Project in 2010.