Analysis of the new report issued at the end of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), shows great optimism about Africa’s development. The report says “Having made encouraging progress on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), Africa countries have the opportunity” to use the SDGs “to tackle remaining challenges and achieve a development breakthrough”.
“Leadership, innovation and targeted investments in a number of social sectors have led to transformative interventions and in many cases revolutionized people’s lives,” says the report titled ‘ Assessing Progress in Africa Toward the Millennium Development Goals – Analysis of the Common African Position on the post-2015 Development Agenda’.
The UN Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), the African Union (AU), the African Development Bank (AfDB) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) jointly produced the report.
The report praises Africa for having achieved acceleration in economic growth, established ambitious social safety nets and designed policies for boosting education and tackling HIV and other diseases. It has also introduced women’s quotas in parliament, leading the way internationally on gender equality, and increased gender parity in primary schools.
Since the official development assistance to Africa is projected to remain low over the period 2015-2018, at an average of around 47 billion dollars annually, therefore, the focus should be on boosting and diversifying economies, mobilizing domestic resources and new partners, unleashing the economic potential of women and fighting illicit financial flows, the report advised.
The report added that: achieving sustainable development will also be impossible unless African nations and communities are resilient, able to anticipate, shape and adapt to the many shocks and challenges they face, including climate-related disasters, health crises such as the Ebola epidemic in West Africa and conflict and instability. Investments now in prevention and preparedness will minimize risk and future costs.
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) report was officially adopted on the 25th of September at the United Nations Summit.