Rice production in Guinea-Bissau is expected to increase this year by about 28% compared to 2014 but remain below the average of the last five years, according to an official report on the current agricultural season. The document said that besides the increase in production, the official sale price of rice rose from 350 CFA francs to 600 CFA francs (60 cents to 1 dollar) per kilogram, compared to the price charged in 2014 of 250-350 CFA francs (43-60 US cents) per kilogram.
“Considering the different varieties of rice, it appears that rice production could reach 170,000 tons,” an increase of “28.1% compared to last year”, but still 8.9% below the average of last five years, said the document prepared by the government and cooperation partners.
The preliminary report on the agricultural campaign is drawn up every year by the FAO together with the World Food Program (WFP), the Government of Guinea-Bissau and the Permanent Inter-State Commission for the Fight against Drought in the Sahel (CILSS). This edition, focused on the agricultural campaign in progress, was based on surveys of 74 farms across the country and field visits between 28 September and 2 October 2015.
The Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel (CILSS) is an international organization consisting of countries in the Sahel region of Africa. The organization’s mandate is to invest in research for food security and the fight against the effects of drought and desertification for a new ecological balance in the Sahel which is a transition area between the very dry North and tropical forests on the coast. It mostly displays bushes, herbs and very small trees and does not offer regular harvests to its inhabitants.
The CILSS was created in 1973 during the first great drought in the region with the aim of mobilizing the population in the Sahel and the international community to facilitate urgent need and the organization of works in various domains i.e. rainfed and irrigated agriculture, environment, transport, and communication. In 1995 it centered its activities on basic food security and the use of natural resources. The executive office is located in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Members are Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal and Chad.