According to the Wikipedia, meditation is a practice where an individual trains the mind or induces a mode of consciousness, either to realize some benefit or for the mind to simply acknowledge its content without becoming identified with that content, or as an end in itself.
On a common ground or in lay man terms, to meditate means to stay calm and take a deep reflection on a particular subject or a range of subjects depending on its purpose.
While meditating, various postures are taken up in some techniques which includes but not limited to: sitting, supine, and standing postures are used.
While this act can be referred to as an act of mind serenity, bringing the mind to sanity and giving the mind the space to relax and see through, it is considered as one which is a strong key to achieving success of any field or goal.
A lot of mind therapists have suggested that meditating first thing in the morning can be helpful in having a good day. In fact, John Asaaraf developed a model for meditating to achieve personal and business success:
Sit quietly and comfortably, in a chair or on the floor, hold your hands any way you like.
Sit in a way that is relaxing for you.
Close your eyes and focus on your breath going in and out.
Take a slow deep breath in through your nose, and let it out through your mouth.
Let your breath move freely in and out through your nose, focusing your attention on the base of your nostrils.
Do this for six or seven minutes.
You will find that your mind wanders off and becomes engaged in this thought or that thought. Don’t criticize yourself when this happens, just gently bring your attention back to a focus on the passage of your breath, slowly in and out.
Continue sitting in that relaxed posture and watch your breath. You may have to repeatedly bring your mind back to focus on your breath, but that’s okay. Don’t let yourself think you are failing at this. You’re not.